Today, approximately 1 billion people worldwide have high blood pressure, and this number is expected to increase to 1.56 billion people by the year 2025. That translates to about 1 out of every 4 adults being afflicted with hypertension. Hypertension is prevalent in developing as well as in developed countries. Prolonged uncontrolled or inadequate treatment of hypertension is a major risk factor for the occurrence of heart attack, stroke, kidney failure and other cardiovascular diseases. 2004 data (on the percentage of the population by region suffering from hypertension) show alarming double-digit figures. With the steadily aging population across the globe and fast-paced lifestyles leading to unhealthy diets and lack of exercise,the increasing trend for the past 5 years is expected to continue. (The Lancet, January 16, 2005 Issue/Frost & Sullivan Statistics)
According to recent estimates, nearly one in three U.S. adults has high blood pressure, but because there are no symptoms, nearly one-third of these people don't know they have it. In fact, many people have high blood pressure for years without knowing it. Uncontrolled high blood pressure can lead to stroke, heart attack, heart failure or kidney failure. This is why high blood pressure is often called the "silent killer". The only way to tell if you have high blood pressure is to have your blood pressure checked.
Get the facts on high blood pressure and how to live a heart-healthier life. Find out how you can reduce your risks for heart attack and stroke with proper monitoring by a healthcare provider and simple lifestyle changes, even if you have high blood pressure.
Cardiovascular disease which comprises coronary heart disease and stroke causes one third of all deaths worldwide. Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death among Singaporeans accounting for 32.8% of the total deaths in Singapore. It is also the number one killer disease for women.
Leading causes of morbidity and mortality are major non-communicable diseases such as cancer, coronary heart diseases, strokes, pneumonia, diabetes, hypertension and injuries. In 2006, cancer, cardiovascular diseases and stroke together accounted for approximately 60% of the total causes of death. These diseases share many common risk factors such as smoking, obesity, physical inactivity and alcohol consumption. (Ministry of Health 2005)